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Three-leaved Caper

Botanical Name Crataeva religiosa
Common NameThree-leaved caper, Barun (Hindi), Mavilankai (Tamil), Varuna (Sanskrit)


Throughout India

Religious association

The tree is sacred to Lord Shiva and the leaves are used to worship Him, especially on Mahashivaratri. The tree is also sacred to Rahu (Planet Neptune), one of the nine planets or the navagrahas.


The plant is very important in traditional medicine. It is used as a cure for urinary infections. The bark and leaves are used to cure rheumatic pain and swellings.

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