The Brahmaputra is one of the world’s largest river with a drinage basin of 580,000 sq.km. The basin provides a unique habitat for exquisite variety of flora and fauna, including many endangered species. Among these are the one-horned rhinoceros, pygmy hog, hispid hare, Asiatic elephant, clouded leopard, marble cat, golden cat, binturong, hoolock gibbon, White-winged and the Wood Duck.
The flood plains of the Brahmaputra is dotted with a large number of wetlands or beels, which provide unique habitats for a variety of flora and fauna. The beels also function as floodwater retention systems and traditional fisheries.
(Source: Goswami, D.C., and Das, P.J., ‘The Brahmaputra River, India’, www.kalpavriksh.org)