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Place of OriginAmarkantak plateau, Chhatisgarh
ConfluenceBay of Bengal,near Cuttack

Religious significance

In ancient Hindu scriptures such as Matsya and Brahma Puranas, the Mahanadi has been referred to as ‘Chitrotpala’ and has been regarded sacred. Papashya Ghat on the banks of river Mahanadi at a place called Binka (near Sonepur) houses the shrine of Lord Gopal. A dip in the Mahanadi at the Ghat during the lunar and solar eclipses is believed to wash away all sins.

Hirakund Dam

Ecological significance

The Mahanadi is one of the longest rivers in India and drains a large part of peninsular India. The fertile plains of the river valley are home to intensive rice cultivation. The Mahanadi and