Envis Search Web Search
::: ENVIS :::
About Us
Sacred Animals
Sacred Gardens
Sacred Groves
Sacred Mountains
Sacred Rivers
Sacred Waterbodies
Sacred Plants
Sacred Sites
Sacred Caves
Sacred Seeds
Data Bank
Media Coverage
Professional Assistance
Query-Answer profile
Access and Statistics





A cave is a cavity inside the earth which may be either natural or artificial in origin. Natural caves come into existence by the action of water or tectonic displacement. Since time memorial both natural and artificial caves have served humankind in various capacities.  

Caves are considered sacred if they are associated with Gods, Goddesses, deities or mythical and magical figures, saints and preachers. They are also considered sacred if they are source of sacred rivers and streams or house sacred animals.

The use of caves for religious practices by individuals and groups extends back in time for at least several millennia in India. The Buddha dwelled and meditated in caves, forests, and other kinds of natural sites, practices which became common for Buddhist monks and nuns during his lifetime and beyond. Whenever Buddhism spread beyond India into other parts of Asia the religious use of caves spread as well. The same was the case with Jain Thirthankaras and their followers. Caves serve monks and nuns as secluded and peaceful places for monastic life, meditation, and chanting. A holy person might dwell in a cave for merely a few days or for months or even years. (1)

Caves affect the environment in positive ways. They support a natural habitat for life forms that require consistent temperatures and dark living conditions. Caves provide a valuable, clean water source that's naturally preserved in underground rock formations. As long as caves are free of human-initiated pollutants, they contribute to the environment in healthy ways and aid in the overall cycle of life. (2)

Sacredness associated with caves has played an important role in their conservation and thus helped in conserving the biodiversity. Indeed, sacred caves may be one component of a very ancient, widespread, and diverse system of sacred places throughout much of Asia which traditionally had far reaching significance for environmental and biodiversity conservation.  












Andhra Pradesh



Mogalrajapuram caves




Akkana and Madanna Caves




Guntupalli Caves


Bodhikonda and Ghanikonda


Bojjannakonda and Lingalakonda


Borra caves






Nagarjunakonda caves


Akka Mahadevi caves


Saleshwaram Cave Temple


Kotturu Dhanadibbalu & Pandavula Guha






Basistha Cave Temple


Jogighopa Cave Temples


Kamakhya Cave Temple


Suryapahar cave



Arunachal Pradesh



Dukhang Caves


Meghna Cave






Barabar Caves 


Dungeshwari Cave Temples or Mahakala caves


Indasala Caves


Patalpuri and Bateshwar cave


Pippala cave


Saptparni Cave or Sattaparnaguha Cave


Sonbhandar caves






Bel Mahadev Cave


Jogi Cave


Kailash Caves


Khuriarani Cave


Kutumsar Cave


Ramgarh and Sita Bengra caves


Sitamani Temples and Caves






Arvalem Caves


Dabos Cave


Khandepar caves


Lamgau Caves


Mangueshi Cave


Narve Caves 


Rivona caves






Baba Pyare Caves


Devni Mori


Jami Masjid Cave


Kadia Dungar Caves 


Khambhalida Caves


Khapra Kodiya Caves


Sana Caves 


Siyot caves


Talaja Caves 


Uperkot caves


Vadnagar cave or Jogida ni Gufa



Himachal Pradesh



Arjuna Gufa


Baba Balaknath Cave Temple


Dhoongri Temple


Masrur Rock Cut Temples


Tabo Monastery


Trilokpur Lord Shiva Cave



Jammu and Kashmir



Adkuwari Cave temple


Amarnath cave 


Baba Dhansar cave


Bumzu or Bhaumajo Caves


Butta Guffa


Mahanaal cave


Moungri cave


Peer Kho Cave Temple


Phuktal Gonpa


Saspol Caves 


Shergol Cave monastery


Shiv Khori Cave Temple


Takthok monastery


Vaishno Devi Cave temple


Visvesvara Caves






Anjani gufa


Bhairo Baba caves


Kunda Cave


Malmalpur and Shitalpur Caves


Panch Pandava Pahar


Pandulata and Ghorlata Caves


Shivgadi Cave Temple


Taponath Mahadeva cave temple






Aihole Caves


Badami Caves


Gandhal Cave


Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple 


Hulimav Cave Temple


Kaiwara Gavi (Caves)


Kavala Caves 


Narasimha Zarana Cave Temple 


Sri Somanatheshwara Cave temple, Nellitheertha


Sugreeva's cave


Yana Caves






Kallil cave temple Methala


Kaviyoor Thrikkakkudi Cave Temple


Kottukkal cave temple


Madavoorpara Siva Rock Cut temple


Punarjani Guha


Sree Irunilamkode cave temple


Trikkur Mahadeva Rock Cut Temple


Vizhinjam Rock Cut Caves 



Madhya Pradesh



Bagh Caves


Bhartrihari caves


Dhamnar Caves




Pandav Caves


Sri Govinda Bhagavatpada Cave


Udayagiri Caves






Ajanta Caves


Aurangabad Caves


Bedse Caves


Bhaja Caves


Dandoba Mahadev Cave Temple


Dharashiv caves


Dhokeshwar Mahadeva temple


Elephanta Caves


Ellora Caves


Jogeshwari caves


Kachargadh Caves


Kanheri Caves


Karla Caves


Kondana Caves


Lenyadri Group of Caves, Junnar


Mahakali Caves


Mandapeshwar Caves 


Pandu Leni 


Panhala Caves


Pitalkhora  Caves


Rajpuri Caves






Krem Mawjymbuin Cave


Marai Cave






Barunei Cave


Budhakhol Caves


Devagiri Hill Cave


Gupteswar Cave


Koilighugar Cave


Lalitgiri Caves


Mahuri Kalua Temple


Narangarh Cave


Olasuni Gumpha


Padapadma Gumpha and Sita Gumpha


Patali Srikhetra


Ramchandi Cave Temple


Ratnagiri caves


Sitabhinji Cave


Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves






Gurdaspur caves


Mukteshwar cave temple






Adhar Devi cave temple


Binnayaga Buddhist caves 


Hathiagor Buddhist Caves 


Kolvi Caves 


Madareshwar Cave Temple


Niranjani cave


Parshuram Mahadev Cave Temple 






Byang Lhari- rinchen- nying Phug


Lho Khandro- Sang Phug


Nub-Dechén Phug


Shar- chok Bé Phug



Tamil Nadu



Arittapatti Caves


Cave Temples of Mahabalipuram 


Gokarnesvara Cave Temple, Thirugokarnam


Karpaga Vinayagar Cave Temple


Kazhugumalai Rock Cut Temples




Kilmavilangai Cave


Kudumiyanmalai Rock cut Temple




Kuranganilmuttam Rock cut Temple


Mahendravadi Cave Temple


Malayadipatti Rock Cut Temples 


Mandagapattu Cave Temple 


Melacheri Cave Temple


Namakkal Caves


Narthamalai Caves


Rock Fort Caves


Rudravalisvaram rock-cut temple Mamandur


Sathyamurthy Perumal Temple


Seeyamangalam Rock cut Temples


Singaperumal cave temple






Thalavanur Satrumalleswara swamy cave temple




Thirumalapuram Rock Cut Temples




Thirunanthikarai Cave Temple


Thiruparankundram Rock cut  Temple




Vallam Rock Cut Temples










Saleshwaram Cave Temple


Vyasa Muni Guha








Drona Cave


Koteshwar Mahadev Cave Temple


Patal Bhuvaneshwar Cave Temple


Shiva Gufa


Vashist Cave


Vyas cave






Gupt Godavari


Muchkund Caves





West Bengal



Mahakal Cave

Previous Page

  All copyrights reserved, 2008. CPREEC ENVIS