Bani Begum Garden


Located about 24 km from the city of Aurangabad, the Bani Begum Garden is a popular attraction with the visiting tourists. It is a graceful Mughal styled garden which is renowned for its comforting atmosphere and lush green surroundings. The garden gets its name from Bani Begum – the wife of the son of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Her tomb is located at the center of this garden. The garden is beautifully landscaped and is decorated with fluted pillars, beautiful domes, fountains and many other structures that are reminiscent of the Mughal style of architecture.

The garden is divided into four parts by the central water channel, and smaller water channels subdivide it further. In the centre of the Eastern, Western and Southern walls are 3 baradaris. A baradari is another feature typical of Mughal architecture. Bara means 12 and dari comes from the word dwar, meaning door. So a baradari is a structure with 12 doors. Each of these structures has 5 scalloped arches on the front. There are 5 more in the rear, and 2 each on each side. 2 of the baradaris have recently been renovated by the Archaeological Survey of India.

In the centre of the garden is another enclosure, which is surrounded by four kiosks with “bangla” roofs. They are called “bangla” roofs because this element comes from Bengal. The roof is shaped like a thatched hut, and such roofs are commonly seen in Bengal’s temples. The kiosks have 3 scalloped arches on each side, the central one being larger than the two on each side. Inside each kiosk, there are steps leading inside the enclosure which is set at a lower level than the garden. In the centre of the enclosure, on an octagonal plinth lies the grave of Jahan Banu Begum. She is mentioned in various sources as the daughter-in-law or granddaughter-in-law of Emperor Aurangzeb. No other specifics, such as dates of birth and death or even name of husband, are available. But she must have been someone important to warrant such an elaborate memorial.



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