Bijapur is also called as Vijapura which was first settled by the Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani of the 11th century. Bijapur, a small town bordering Maharashtra and Karnataka was once the capital of Adil Shah dynasty for more than 200 years. Capital of the Bijapur is known for its fort, gardens and mosques.

Gagan Mahal was built by Ali Adil Shah in the year 1561. It is located around 2km from the Bijapur. Gagan Mahal was used as royal residence and also as the Durbar Hall. Most of the part of the monument is ruined and the leftovers are now a part of a public garden.

Gol Gumbaz was built in 1659 as a tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah (ruled 1627-1657) the king of Adil Shahi dynasty. After St Peter’s Basilica in Rome, Gol Gumbaz is the second largest dome structure in the world which is unsupported by any pillars. Gol Gumbaz is surrounded by a picturesque garden that also houses a dharamshala, a mosque and few other buildings. The grand structure is the pride of the town of Bijapur and is one of the biggest single-chamber buildings in the world.


Ibrahim Roza is the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his queen Taj Sultana and the other structure constitutes of a mosque. Designed by a Persian architect, Malik Sandal, the tomb and a mosque are set in a walled garden facing each other over an ornamental pond. The tomb is supposed to have been an inspiration for the Taj Mahal at Agra.


Shivgiri Temple is located in Bijapur. 85 feet statue of Lord Shiva erected on the outskirts of Bijapur. The temple is housed in a complex that has a large garden and two temples – one dedicated to Lord Shiva and another dedicated to Lord Ganesha.




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