Roshanara Garden


Roshanara Garden is a Mughal-style garden built by Roshanara Begum, the second daughter of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is situated in Shakti Nagar near Kamla Nagar Clock Tower and North Campus of University of Delhi. It is one of the biggest gardens in Delhi having a great variety of plants, some imported from Japan. The lake inside the gardens is visited by migratory birds during winters and is a popular site for bird watching.

The bagh was designed and commissioned by Roshanara for her residence in the 1650s, the same time when Shahjahan was building Shahjahanabad, and after her death in 1671, this also became the location of her burial. Only two buildings now survive – a central pavilion or baradari and an entrance gate. The original char bagh layout of the garden, in the middle of which the current pavilion must have stood, was obliterated when it was converted into an English garden. Today the park is not just a place for taking a peek into Delhi’s historical and architectural legacy but also a perfect venue for spotting some old and lovely trees.

The bagh is entered from what remains of the original gateway. The gateway is finished in lime plaster, but one can see tantalizing remains of some beautiful glazed tile decorations in parts, especially in the upper portions. A channel runs from the gate to the pavilion some distance away; which must have originally contained fountains within. At the end of this water channel stands the main pavilion in the middle of a square pool from which the building can be accessed from two sides. Like Shalimar Bagh, the pool here is also decorated with sculpted kangura pattern on its edges. The pavilion itself is a beautifully proportioned building, more reminiscent of earlier Mughal buildings, although the bulbous columns of the arcade are of late Shahjahani design. It is made of Lakhori bricks and sandstone and covered with lime plaster decorations. On the interior, traces of delicate paintings done on lime plaster can be seen. Roshanara’s grave lies in the centre of this pavilion



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